If the electrified future is full of efficient and gorgeous 818 horsepower monsters, such as the 2022 Ferrari 296 GTB, please don’t cry for the electrified future. Yes, this is the first official Ferrari logo road car with a V-6 engine, but the brand has already raced them a lot. It is also the first hybrid Ferrari with no charge on the front axle, which not only reduces the weight, but also maintains the dynamic purity of the rear-wheel drive.
120 degree V-6 hybrid power, just like McLaren Artura!
Great powertrain design engineering minds are likely to come to similar conclusions when solving similar problems, and there are indeed many similarities between 296 GTB and 296 GTB. McLaren Atura power system. The 120-degree tilt angle leaves enough space for each turbocharger valley, and both supercar manufacturers use symmetrical counter-rotating turbines to optimize exhaust gas flow. Both engines reach 8,500 rpm Their hybrid motors all use compact and torque-intensive axial flux “pancake” designs, and use battery packs with a power of less than 7.5 kWh. Ferrari said its engine is derived from the motor-generator power unit (MGU-K) in Formula One racing. Both brands transmit power to the ground through an eight-speed dual-clutch drive axle, and use a third clutch to separate the engine from the electric motor and drive axle.
Ferrari and McLaren: Powertrain differences
In these two cars, the V-6 hybrid system eventually shortened the wheelbase relative to the V-8’s midship, but Artura adopted an ultra-thin cooling channel and a square combustion chamber design (84 mm bore, 90 mm stroke), Ferrari insists on a wider square design (88 mm diameter, 82 mm stroke). Nevertheless, the wheelbase of the 296 GTB is 2.0 inches shorter than that of its next-closest mid-engine V-8 stable version, while McLaren’s wheelbase is only 1.2 inches shorter than its V-8 counterpart.
However, McLaren won the weight loss competition, claiming to have lost 110 pounds relative to its V-8, while Ferrari only lost 66 pounds. Ferrari’s outer intake manifold is directly bolted to the cylinder head to shorten the intake passage, reduce the size of the intake runner to improve fluid dynamics efficiency, and shorten the supercharging time.
Drilling and stroke experts may notice that the 296 GTB number is different from those Maserati Nettuno V-6Trust us, this is all the 90 degree outboard turbocharged pre-combustion engine has in common with this engine. Oh, the name of this Ferrari was derived by combining the number of engine liters with the number of cylinders (after actively rounding 2.992 liters to 2.9).
The 2.9-liter engine is a performer
Borrowing the SF90’s central injector and spark plug position and 5,000 psi injection system, the air-fuel mixture in the combustion chamber is optimized. The new single-scroll IHI turbocharger has a 5% smaller compressor wheel and 11% smaller turbine rotor. Compared with a 3.9-liter V-8 engine, the combination of these can reduce the moment of inertia by 11%. Higher performance alloys allow them to reach 180,000 rpm, increasing efficiency by 24% and reducing hysteresis. The countless details like this add up to Ferrari’s claim that the highest specific output of a production car: 219 horsepower per liter, or 654 horsepower and 546 pound-feet.
With two rotors sandwiched between a stator, the 296 GTB axial flux motor produces 165 horsepower and 232 pound-feet of torque from a 7.45 kWh battery pack. The Conversion Management Actuator (TMA) is responsible for the seamless conversion from electricity to combustion power and back again. The second power management eManettino on the steering wheel allows the driver to choose between four modes:
- eDrive (suitable for engines that travel up to 15.5 miles at speeds up to 84 mph)
- Hybrid (default mode, priority is given to efficient driving)
- Performance (the engine is always running, priority is given to performance and battery charging)
- Qualify (reducing the maximum performance of battery charging)
The total system power output is rated at 818 horsepower. The combined torque is not listed, but due to the way they are combined, it may not exceed the engine’s 546 lb-ft.
Electric power steering and remote control
do not be afraid, We have sampled these systems on SF90 And there is only praise for their feelings, here EPS helps to inform the “grip estimator” function in the sideslip control system. The system is equipped with a six-direction chassis dynamic sensor (6w-CDS) and an ABS evo controller, which can continuously compare the instantaneous lateral grip of the car with the steering input to calculate the instantaneous grip. It is said that compared to the previous application, the new system reduces the time required to calculate the grip estimate by 35% when driving on the track. The integration of all these systems also greatly shortens the stopping distance.Relative to F8 TributeIt is said that the parking distance of 124-0 mph is reduced by 8.8%, and the attenuation during repeated parking is reduced by 24%.
Aerodynamics-roof wings and flying buttresses
The 2022 Ferrari 296 GTB drew a lot of inspiration from the 1963 Ferrari 250 LM, especially the integration of the air intake and the rear fender and the use of the vertical rear window. In terms of aerodynamics, the car mainly relies on the air management under the car to generate downforce, so that the visible surface is kindly without obvious wings and spoilers. The roof-mounted wing connects the two flying buttresses so that the air behaves as if there is a window in the shape of a fast-back.
The active spoiler under the car and integrated into the rear bumper can be deployed when needed to increase downforce (this type of equipment was previously deployed to reduce drag). Using the Assetto Fiorano kit (220 of which can be attributed to the active spoiler), the car generates a maximum of nearly 800 pounds of downforce at a speed of 155 mph.
The engine, gearbox and battery are cooled by radiators and condensers in front of the front wheels, and their hot air is carried along the chassis to ensure that only cold air enters the intercooler through the air intake in the rear fender. The air intake integrated in the headlights directs cold air to the front wheel Aero calipers (brake calipers with integrated cooling ducts).
The last aerodynamic trick is the “tea tray” at the lower front between the air intakes. It creates an area of high-pressure air that rolls off the edges before flowing under the car and generates vortices that accelerate the air locally, thereby generating downforce on the front axle.
The 296 GTB, which first appeared on the SF90, will also provide this extreme performance kit, including Multimatic shock absorbers, a high downforce carbon fiber chin spoiler with a diving plane, which can provide another 22 pounds of downforce, and lightweight measures ——For example, the combination of Lexan rear windows and carbon fiber door panels can reduce the weight by 33 pounds. Of course there are special painting options inspired by 250 Le Mans.
Pricing and release date
Ferrari lacks details, just to remind us not to regard this car as an entry-level product, just like the first V-6 was almost Ferrari. The European outlets reported a price of 269,000 Euros, which translates to 321,000 US dollars, to be delivered “in 2022”.