Education

Colleges and universities need to help students of color choose the most valuable major (opinions)

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When I was a graduate student, I did a research project on how to choose a major for undergraduates of color. Or, I should say, a major was chosen for them.

One of the students I interviewed, a working-class black woman, was originally a biomedical engineering major, but the students in her course and the culture of the department were not suitable for her. Not only did the students fail to help each other, but the competition was fierce. ………………………………….. ………………………………….. ……………………………..

Her experience is consistent with that of other students of color, and the reported experience is similar to “Cold climate“It was previously discovered for women in the STEM field.

The commercial track is similar. A black man who was also a working class started doing business, but he soon felt that the atmosphere was unhealthy—literally. He said that college was hard enough and would not be uncomfortable with peers and shortened the working week during his first semester. ………………………………….. ………………………………….. ………………………..

Both of these students may advise other students of color not to enter these fields, and the cycle repeats.

Although majors do not determine future career or income, they are Definitely influentialMany high-paying occupations require STEM training, and applying for professional graduate programs, such as medical school, requires strict undergraduate pathways-these pathways and students of color are often excluded.

I interviewed 50 students from different socioeconomic backgrounds and ethnic groups (white, black, Hispanic, and Asian) three times in the first year of college. In their third interview, I asked them to advise their imaginary friends on how to choose a major. I named the imaginary friends to indicate their specific race.

My interviewees almost always keep them away from white male-dominated professions. If the hypothetical student has low grades, they usually attribute the poor performance to the student’s bad habits or poor time management, rather than asking about possible reasons for the low grades-but only if the hypothetical friend is black or Hispanic, not white Or Asian.

I also found that faculty and staff mentors have a similar tendency in the real advice they give to students. For example, a working-class Hispanic man made a consultant think he was “lazy” because he was studying a course at a community college during the summer. In fact, he did this out of financial need.

The students I have spoken to facing such challenges are not always from low-income backgrounds. An upper-middle class black woman felt the same isolation in her class. But, fortunately, she found other students like her, they gave her good advice, and she persevered.

My research shows that ordinary college students, not just white students, internalize racial stereotypes and unknowingly copy them in conversations. Students get racialized advice from their peers, unaware of its prejudices, and they use it to help make professional decisions. All of this has led to more research fields and the reappearance of inequality.

Previous study It shows that personal preferences largely determine professional choices, but I find that social networks—family, friends, and mentors—are often segregated. When students feel uncomfortable with a major, they will be pulled back to the major chosen by the social network members.I also found that students of color have received biased advice on majors in all aspects

In this age when black people’s fate is also fate, many of us are thinking about what we can do to help eradicate racism. In higher education, there may be more students of color earning degrees, but we need to find a way to open all degree options to all students.

Today, university leaders must first abolish segregation on campus. Students seek professional advice from their friends. Creating meaningful ways for students to form a diversified friendship network will enable students to obtain more diversified support when faced with curriculum obstacles.

That being said, students of color also need to establish connections with tutors with similar backgrounds in the first semester. They need mentors who understand their experience in cold climates and the biased advice they will receive. If the program waits until the student announces that the majors are in contact, the program has lost them. ………………………………….. ………………………………….. …………………………….

In addition, teachers must work hard to cultivate classrooms that are inclusive of all students. Counselors must fight their own prejudices to ensure that they are working hard to help students overcome racial inequality—rather than perpetuate it with their advice.

The choice of major will have a permanent impact on every student’s life. ………………………………….. ………………………………….. …………………………. An academic path.

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