BRUSSELS-On Monday, the European Union countries gave final approval to a law establishing EU greenhouse gas emissions. Emissions The target is legally binding because EU policymakers have prepared a large number of new policies to counter climate change.
The parliament and the negotiators of EU member states reached an agreement on climate law in April, which set a goal of reducing EU net emissions by 55% from 1990 levels by 2030 and eliminating them by 2050.
On Monday, the ministers of 27 EU countries formally approved the agreement, with the exception of Bulgaria, which abstained from voting.
“The final compromise did not fully reflect our national position,” a spokesperson for the Bulgarian government said, but did not elaborate further.
Leaders from all EU countries signed the 2030 emission reduction target in December, which aims to put the EU on a path that, if followed on a global scale, will avoid the most serious effects of climate change. These targets apply to the EU’s overall emissions, not to the binding requirements of each country.
The law aims to put climate at the core of all EU policymaking and ensure that future regulations support emission reduction targets.
Doing so will require large-scale policy reforms. Most EU laws aim to achieve the previous goal of reducing emissions by 40% by 2030.
The European Commission will start the upgrade on July 14, when it will propose a dozen policies to reshape industry, energy, transportation and housing to reduce carbon dioxide emissions.The proposal will include the EU carHealthy market reforms, new stricter CO2 emission standards cars, and more ambitious renewable energy goals.
The climate law also requires Brussels to set up an independent expert body to make recommendations on climate policy and establish a budget-like mechanism to calculate the total emissions that the EU can generate from 2030 to 2050 under its climate goals.
The European Parliament approved the law last week. Parliament and member states will sign the text before it becomes law this week, which is a formal step.